Machu Picchu flora and fauna
Machu Picchu is located in a region that is part of the High Jungle. It is an area with great environmental richness that has a varied climate, and the existence of numerous zones possible.
The ecology is extremely diverse and complex, since it includes ten wildlife zones, from the low, dry mountain forest - by the side of the valley- to the level of the mountain range summits. In terms of altitude, this means that it climbs from 1,725 m. at the level of the Urubamba River, up to 6,271 m. at snowy Salkantay's summit . As a consequence, these geographical variations provide a really wide range of flora and fauna.The species of fauna and flora that have been registered in this habitat represent a high proportion of those species present in Peru. It is calculated that between 10 and 20% of these are endangered.
The Inca Trail boasts more than 400 species of orchids, begonias, trees and bushes like the Qeuña (Polylepis racemosa), the Pisonay (Eritrina falcata), or the Muña (Minthostachys glabrecens), amongst others. (If you do an Inca trail trip, you are likely to receive Muña tea at least one night – it is very tasty!).
The area also provides home to a very wide variety of fauna,and we can find in these forests 400 registered species of birds, like the Cock-of-the-Rock (Rupícola peruviana) and a la pava de monte (Penelope montagnii). In the rivers you can ecounter more birds.
Please see our special page on birds (link here).
Within others we can also find the bear with the glasses (Tremactos ornatos), the puma (Puma concolor), the dwarfed deer, reptiles and insects.